Sudden Infant Death Syndrome or SIDS is sudden, unexplained death of an infant younger than one year old. SIDS is the leading cause of death in children between one month and one year, but most deaths from SIDS happened between two and four months old, with 90% of cases happening before six months of age.
There are approximately 4000 sudden infant death a year in the US and half of these are diagnosed as SIDS, well the other half were diagnosed due to specific causes. Baby boys, premature babies, African-American, I need of American events have a higher risk of SIDS.
Most babies it died of SIDS appear to be healthy prior to death. Experts believe that about 80 to 90% of SIDS cases are the result of unsafely practices, such as bed sharing, stomach sleeping in using soft bedding.
Reduce the Risk
While research is still ongoing to determine all of the causes of SIDS, there are many risk factors that can be avoided by staying informed. Use these guidelines from www.sids.org and discuss any concerns with your child’s pediatrician:
Don’t Smoke: Avoid smoking as well as having your baby around smoke, both before and after birth.
Don’t Share a Bed : Falling asleep with your baby puts him or her at risk of suffocation.
Keep the Crib/ Bassinet Bare: There should be no blankets, pillows, bumpers, stuffed animals or positioning devices.
Place Baby on his/ her Back: During the day or at night your baby should always sleep on his back and on a firm mattress.
Breastfeed and/or Use a Pacifier : Breast-fed babies are at reduced rates, as well as baby to use a pacifier.
Keep Baby with You: It’s safe to keep the baby in his crib or bassinet in the same room with you until he’s about six months old, for closer monitoring.