Treatment for Hemorrhagic Stroke: The first step is identifying the cause and the location of the bleed. Once it’s determined whether this type of stroke is caused by an aneurysm (a vessels that bursts) or abnormal grouping of blood vessels (known as an ‘AVM’), a surgical procedure can be performed in which a tiny mechanical device is inserted into an artery to prevent rupture. In the case of an aneurysm, a metal clip or coil may be placed at the base of the aneurysm to prevent further damage.
While rehabilitation cannot reverse the effects of a stroke, the goal of rehabilitation (or ‘Rehab’) is to help stroke patients recover the necessary skills to become independent again. Some basic motor skills may need to be relearned, while other skills help the patient adapt to a new way of living.
There are several types of rehabilitation therapy:
- Physical Therapy: Helps to restore basic motor skills, such as movement, balance and coordination.
- Occupational Therapy: Helps to relearn basic skills to continue with daily activities and independent living, such as getting dressed and bathing.
- Speech Therapy: Helps a patient relearn how to talk. This includes helping with pronunciation, speaking more clearly, and is also the necessary treatment for those patients suffering from aphasia. Aphasia is an impairment of language, making it difficult to produce or comprehend speech as well as difficulties with reading and writing.
- Psychological Therapy: Stroke survivors may suffer from depression, anger, anxiety and frustration. Talk therapy and/or medication can treat these symptoms and help patients cope with the effects of stroke.Questions to Ask Your Doctor
1: Am I at risk for having a stroke? If so, how can I treat and manage underlying health conditions?
2: In addition to managing health conditions, what else can I do to prevent having a stroke? (i.e. Will taking an aspirin a day help me?)
3: If you’ve already suffered from a stroke, ASK: What can I do to prevent having another stroke? Am I a good candidate for clinical trials? Will physical or occupational therapy help me? What does my recovery and prognosis look like?